Periodontal Disease Causes and Prevention

Periodontal Disease Causes and Prevention

Did  you have an appointment with a dentist?

Did you miss it?

Did you go again?

Maybe not.

That’s the problem. Had it been an issue with some other part of your body, you would have promptly visited the doctor and would have even started your course of treatment.

Now, the point here is the fact that if you ignore dental issues, it will impact your overall health also.

Periodontal Disease

This blog talks about one of the serious issues related to oral health – periodontal disease. It will tell you what causes periodontal disease. Use that as a checklist and you can evaluate your risk of getting a periodontal disease. Let’s see periodontal disease can make you feel concerned enough to actually go to the dentist…

What causes periodontal disease?

Firstly, let’s see what a periodontal disease is.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

It sounds like ‘dontal’ or ‘dental’. You might think that it’s a teeth disease but it is, actually, a gum issue. What happens is that you eat sugary or starchy food and don’t rinse your mouth properly afterwards, carbohydrate settles at the top of your gums and at the bottom of the visible part of your teeth. It’s called a plaque.

When your mouth is dry or you lack oxygen in your mouth, the plaque works as a nourishing medium for bacteria to grow in. As the colony of bacteria expands, it releases some kind of acid which in turn damages your teeth causing cavity.

But before it can cause any damage to your teeth, it has to go through your gums. And your gums try their best to protect your teeth, even to the extent of destroying themselves – this is where gum issues come to the scene.

At the initial level, it causes minor painless bleeding in the gums. This issue is called gingivitis. If we find treatment at this stage, periodontal disease will not get a chance to build up. But when left ignored, the bacteria spread it’s colony further inside the gums up to the root of the teeth. Now you will see swelling, bleeding, loose teeth, pus etc. Now you have periodontal disease.

Types of Periodontal Disease

Now, you can pretty much guess what causes periodontal disease. Here is a checklist of what causes periodontal disease and what are the factors that raises the risks.

  • Excessive eating of sugary food.
  • Poor oral hygiene.
  • Use of tobacco.
  • Smoking.
  • Genetic predisposition.
  • Hormonal changes due to pregnancy, menstruation or menopause (It can cause gingivitis. It’s unlikely to cause periodontal disease, but not impossible).
  • Poor diet.
  • Other diseases like diabetes, cancer (not necessarily oral cancer), HIV etc.
  • Other medications or misuse of drugs.
  • Misaligned teeth that makes it difficult to brush and floss.
  • So, how are you doing so far? How many ticks? Ten? No?
  • None? Don’t be over-thrilled. It’s still advisable to visit a dentist biannually.

How can you prevent periodontal disease?

Each person’s oral health is different and it may require a few quirk habits of oral hygiene in addition to the regular ones. And if you are looking forward to prevent getting or the spread of a particular disease like periodontal disease, it’s best that you get a chart of healthy dental practices made by an authorised dentist.

But for the chances that you are still curled up in your bed and decided to read this blog instead of going to the dentist, here are a few things you can do to prevent periodontal disease.

  • Maintain good oral hygiene.
  • Brush regularly – twice a day.
  • Use mouthwash when you can’t brush.
  • Floss daily.
  • Keep your mouth hydrated. When you mouth goes dry of saliva and oxygen, the bacteria breeds faster.
  • Limit the intake of sugary foods and rinse your mouth well after eating.
  • Develop a habit of rinsing your mouth (at least with water) after every meal or snack.
  • Be informed of your risks and take special care if required.

Statistically, 95% of the Indians suffer from periodontal disease. The percentage may sound an exaggeration but sadly, it’s the number given by the study conducted by the National Center for Biotechnology Information. It’s high time that we, Indians, take dental health seriously.

Together, we have defeated Polio (and the British, of course) – what’s periodontitis as compared to that? Let’s start the fight by brushing twice daily and visiting a dentist twice a year.

About Dr. Gowtham Kattamuri

Dr. Gowtham has done his BDS from Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences in 2006 and MDS – Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics from Dr. MGR Medical University in 2010. He is a skilled Endodontist with an experience of over 10 years. Dr. Gowtham is specialized in replacement of teeth, Root Canal, Braces, Dental Implants, prosthetics for maxillofacial defects such as artificial eye, ear, nose and orbital defects, Smile Makeovers with laminates, Zirconia, veneers metal free ceramics. He also performs general dental procedures such as restorations and extractions. He also is trained as an International Patient Coordinator.


GA Dental Clinics is a standout amongst the all the famous dental hospitals in Hyderabad, owing to the world class infrastructure it has, and the utility of leading edge technology at the clinic. Besides its unique infrastructure and highly qualified specialists, GA Dental Clinic in Hyderabad believes in delivering services at par with global standards.

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