Infected Gums

Infected Gums

Gums support the teeth by surrounding it at the neck of the tooth. The gums cover the root of the tooth and the tissue under gums is periodontal. The gums and periodontium are interrelated in many ways.It is important to have healthy gums which in turn helps have healthy periodontium.

What are Infected gums?

Gums are normally pale pink in colour. The bacteria which can enter the gums cause slow process of destruction of the gum tissue. It results in swollen, red gums showing pus accumulation in severe cases.

What are the causes of infected Gums?

The most common causes are:
1.bacteria, food debris accumulating in the gap between tooth and gums
2.Poor oral hygiene
3.Bacterial infections of the oral cavity
4.Poor immunity of the patient

What are the symptoms that patients with infected gums show?

The symptoms vary from person to person. They include bad breath, swollen gums, bleeding from gums, deep red colour of gums, food lodges in the gums, pus discharge from gums, loosening of teeth. Most of the you may have pain in the gums but the pain is very mild and that is why it’s neglected many a times.

How does your dentist diagnose?

Based on the history and symptoms, your dentist will correlate with the appearance of gums. Your dentist uses special instrument called as william’s probe to measure the level of infection in the gums. X rays will help a lot to know the impact of gum infection on the tooth and surrounding bone.

How to treat the gum infections?

Your dentist will categorize the severity of the gum infection. The treatment would vary from patient to patient. They can include:

1.Cleaning of teeth
2.Deep cleaning
3.Scaling and curettage
4.Flap surgery
5.Laser treatment to gums
6.Medication for symptomatic and temporary relief

The suitable treatment to you will be assessed by your dentist. Early attention and good oral hygiene maintenance will help you in having healthy gums

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